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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Disposition and pharmacokinetics of [14C]finasteride after oral administration in humans.

The disposition of [14C]finasteride, a competitive inhibitor of steroid 5 alpha-reductase, was investigated after oral administration of 38.1 mg (18.4 microCi) of drug in six healthy volunteers. Plasma, urine, and feces were collected for 7 days and assayed for total radioactivity. Concentrations of finasteride and its neutral metabolite, omega-hydroxyfinasteride (monohydroxylated on the t-butyl side chain), in plasma and urine were determined by HPLC assay. Mean excretion of radioactivity equivalents in urine and feces equaled 39.1 +/- 4.7% and 56.8 +/- 5.0% of the dose, respectively. The mean peak plasma concentrations reached for total radioactivity (ng equivalents), finasteride, and omega-hydroxyfinasteride were 596.5 +/- 88.3, 313.8 +/- 99.4, and 73.7 +/- 11.8 ng/ml, respectively, at approximately 2 hr; the mean terminal half-life for drug and metabolite was 5.9 +/- 1.3 and 8.4 +/- 1.7 hr, respectively. Of the 24-hr plasma radioactivity, 40.9% was finasteride, 11.8% was the neutral metabolite, and 26.7% was characterized as an acidic fraction of radioactivity. Binding of [14C]finasteride to plasma protein was extensive (91.3 to 89.8%), with a trend suggesting concentration dependency (range 0.02 to 2 micrograms/ml). Little of the dose was excreted in urine as parent (0.04%) or omega-hydroxyfinasteride (0.4%). Urinary excretion of radioactivity was largely in the form of acidic metabolite(s)--18.4 +/- 1.7% of the dose was eliminated as the omega-monocarboxylic acid metabolite. Finasteride was scarcely excreted unchanged in feces. In humans, finasteride is extensively metabolized through oxidative pathways.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Disposition and pharmacokinetics of [14C]finasteride after oral administration in humans. Carlin, J.R., Höglund, P., Eriksson, L.O., Christofalo, P., Gregoire, S.L., Taylor, A.M., Andersson, K.E. Drug Metab. Dispos. (1992) [Pubmed]
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