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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Drug interactions in intestinal transport of folic acid and methotrexate. Further evidence for the heterogeneity of folate transport in the human small intestine.

The effect of sulfasalazine and olsalazine on the transport of [3H]folic acid and of [3H]methotrexate ( MTX) was investigated in organ-cultured endoscopic biopsy specimens of small intestinal mucosa from normal subjects. Biopsy specimens obtained from patients undergoing routine diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were organ-cultured at pH 5.5 and the effect of these two drugs on the initial rate of uptake of the two folates was determined. Both drugs inhibited the transport of [3H]folic acid with similar Ki values (1.38 and 1.32 mM for sulfasalazine and olsalazine, respectively). However, the uptake of [3H]MTX was only partially inhibited by sulfasalazine and was unaffected by olsalazine. Sulfasalazine inhibited 26.2% of the total flux of MTX, in close agreement with the fraction of MTX flux that has been shown previously to be inhibited by folic acid. These data corroborate previous findings of heterogeneity of transport of MTX in the mucosa of the human small intestine.[1]


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