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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Preventive medicine for HIV-infected patients: an analysis of isoniazid prophylaxis for tuberculin reactors and for anergic patients.

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the policies of isoniazid prophylaxis for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected tuberculin reactors and for HIV-infected anergic patients with unknown tuberculin status. METHODS: Transition-state model of clinical immune deterioration of HIV-infection over ten years, review of published data, and a survey of AIDS experts. Outcome measures are the numbers of tuberculosis cases and deaths prevented and isoniazid toxicity cases and deaths occurring with prophylaxis. PATIENTS: Hypothetical cohorts of HIV-infected 40-year-olds. RESULTS: Because the tuberculosis activation rate is so high in HIV-infected patients, the benefits of prophylaxis far outweigh the risks of isoniazid toxicity for tuberculin reactors with HIV infection at any stage of immune function: 1,469-2,868 tuberculosis cases and 170-274 deaths are prevented per 10,000 cohort over ten years, depending upon the cohort's initial immune state. The benefits of prophylaxis outweigh the risks of isoniazid toxicity for anergic HIV-infected patients if they come from a community with a 2% to 3% or greater prevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. CONCLUSIONS: Isoniazid prophylaxis is a reasonable prevention measure for HIV-infected tuberculin reactors and for many HIV-infected anergic patients.[1]

References

  1. Preventive medicine for HIV-infected patients: an analysis of isoniazid prophylaxis for tuberculin reactors and for anergic patients. Rose, D.N., Schechter, C.B., Sacks, H.S. Journal of general internal medicine : official journal of the Society for Research and Education in Primary Care Internal Medicine. (1992) [Pubmed]
 
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