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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Substitution of arginine for glycine 325 in the collagen alpha 5 (IV) chain associated with X-linked Alport syndrome: characterization of the mutation by direct sequencing of PCR-amplified lymphoblast cDNA fragments.

A large kindred with adult-type X-linked Alport syndrome was studied with regard to a defect in the recently described COL4A5 collagen gene. Southern blot analysis with COL4A5 cDNA probes showed loss of a MspI restriction site. Direct sequencing of cDNA amplified from lymphoblast mRNA demonstrated a single-base substitution converting a glycine codon to arginine at position 325 in the alpha 5 chain of type IV collagen. The triple-helical collagenous domain of alpha 5(IV), characterized by a Gly-X-Y repeat sequence, is interrupted 22 times by noncollagenous sequences. The mutation creates an additional interruption in the Gly-X-Y repeat motif, between interruptions 4 and 5. It is interesting that such glycine substitutions inside the COL1A1 or COL1A2 genes have been associated with many cases of osteogenesis imperfecta. This gly325-to-arg substitution presumably alters the triple-helix formation, and, in turn, modifies the ultrastructural and functional characteristics of the type IV collagen network inside the glomerular basement membrane.[1]

References

  1. Substitution of arginine for glycine 325 in the collagen alpha 5 (IV) chain associated with X-linked Alport syndrome: characterization of the mutation by direct sequencing of PCR-amplified lymphoblast cDNA fragments. Knebelmann, B., Deschenes, G., Gros, F., Hors, M.C., Grünfeld, J.P., Zhou, J., Tryggvason, K., Gubler, M.C., Antignac, C. Am. J. Hum. Genet. (1992) [Pubmed]
 
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