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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Deleterious cardiac effects of captopril during acute myocardial ischaemia in the dog.

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the effects of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor captopril on acute myocardial ischaemia. METHODS: Seventeen anaesthetised open chest dogs were randomised to 3 minute angioplasty balloon occlusions of the left circumflex coronary artery before and after intravenous infusion of captopril (n = 8) or placebo (n = 9). RESULTS: There was apparent worsening of ischaemia during balloon inflation after captopril infusion, when compared with control inflation, as suggested by further ST segment elevation of 1.8 (SD 1.8) mm, p less than 0.03, and by further lowering of regional myocardial pH [-0.05(0.05), p = 0.06], and peak positive and peak negative dP/dt [-439(337)mm Hg.s-1, p less than 0.008; -470(316) mm Hg.s-1, p less than 0.004, respectively]. The increase in ischaemia occurred despite reduced double product after captopril administration. Regional myocardial blood flow in the ischaemic artery distribution was lower during post captopril balloon occlusion [-0.1(0.06) ml.min-1.g-1, p less than 0.005] than during control balloon inflation, while coronary vascular resistance increased by 161(172)% (range 45 to 497%, p less than 0.04). There were no significant differences in ST segments, pH, haemodynamic variables, or blood flow during balloon inflations before and after saline infusion. CONCLUSIONS: Despite lower myocardial metabolic demands, acute intravenous administration of captopril was associated with increased ischaemia during transient coronary artery occlusion.[1]


  1. Deleterious cardiac effects of captopril during acute myocardial ischaemia in the dog. Alam, S., Rezkalla, S., Farkas, P., Turi, Z.G. Cardiovasc. Res. (1992) [Pubmed]
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