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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of high mobility group protein binding to cisplatin-damaged DNA.

cis-Diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (cisplatin, CDDP) is a widely used chemotherapeutic agent. While many tumors are highly responsive to CDDP, certain tumors are resistant to this drug, limiting its efficacy. The anti-tumor activity of CDDP is believed to result from its coordination bonding to chromosomal DNA. Alterations in tumor cell sensitivity to CDDP may result from the presence or absence of protein(s) which specifically recognize CDDP-damaged DNA. We have developed a damaged-DNA affinity precipitation assay that allows the direct identification of cellular proteins that bind to CDDP-damaged DNA. Using this procedure, we have identified several proteins which specifically bind to CDDP-damaged DNA. Two of these proteins have been identified as high mobility group proteins (HMG) 1 and 2 in the current report, we have characterized the binding of these proteins to CDDP-DNA. The calculated Kd of binding to CDDP-damaged DNA was 3.27 x 10(-10) for HMG1 and 1.87 x 10(-10) for HMG2. Using highly specific chemical modifying reagents, we have determined that Cys residues play an important role in protein binding. We also observed that HMG2 will bind to DNA modified with carboplatin and iproplatin although to a lesser extent than to DNA damaged with CDDP. Thus, our results indicate that HMG 2 binds with high affinity to DNA modified with therapeutically active platinum compounds. In addition, our findings suggest that thiol groups play an essential role in the binding of HMG1 and HMG2 to CDDP-DNA.[1]


  1. Characterization of high mobility group protein binding to cisplatin-damaged DNA. Billings, P.C., Davis, R.J., Engelsberg, B.N., Skov, K.A., Hughes, E.N. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1992) [Pubmed]
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