The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cyclooxygenase-2 upregulates vascular endothelial growth factor expression and angiogenesis in human gastric carcinoma.

Although gastric cancer with cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 overexpression is associated with poor prognosis, the mechanistic pathway remains unknown. We examined the associations between expressions of COX-2 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in both gastric cancer cells and in human gastric cancer. The gastric cell line, Kato III, was transiently transfected with cox-2 expressing vector. The levels of COX-2, prostaglandin (PG) E2 and VEGF expression were measured post-transfection. Additionally, expressions of COX-2 and VEGF in human gastric cancer were determined by immunohistochemistry in archive gastrectomy specimens. Tumor angiogenesis was assessed by the microvessel density (MVD), which was determined by anti-CD34 immunostaining. Transient transfection of Kato III with cox-2 was associated with increased COX-2 expression, higher PGE2 production and upregulated VEGF expressions. Treatment with NS398, a specific COX-2 inhibitor, reduced VEGF expression in COX-2 expressing Kato III cells by 25%. Among the 67 gastric cancers examined, COX-2 overexpression was found in 45 (67%) cases whereas increased VEGF expression was detected in 46 (69%) cases. There was a significant association between COX-2 and VEGF expressions in gastric cancer (r=0.25, p=0.041). Additionally, tumor MVD was associated with both COX-2 (r=0.32, p=0.008) and VEGF (r=0.39, p=0.001) expressions. Our results showed that overexpression of COX-2 in both gastric cells and primary gastric cancer is associated with upregulation of VEGF and angiogenesis. Future studies should evaluate the potential anti-angiogenic effect of COX-2 inhibitors on human gastric cancer.[1]


  1. Cyclooxygenase-2 upregulates vascular endothelial growth factor expression and angiogenesis in human gastric carcinoma. Leung, W.K., To, K.F., Go, M.Y., Chan, K.K., Chan, F.K., Ng, E.K., Chung, S.C., Sung, J.J. Int. J. Oncol. (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities