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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Threonine production by dihydrodipicolinate synthase-defective mutants of Brevibacterium flavum.

A novel type of threonine-producing strains, dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DPS)-defective mutants of Brevibacterium flavum, was isolated as alpha-amino-beta-hydroxyvaleric acid (AHV)-resistant producers. The third selection markers used were a strong lysine inhibition of threonine production and a lower production of lysine than that of threonine in those derived from strains with feedback-sensitive and-resistant aspartokinase (AK), respectively. The maximum threonine production by these DPS-defective mutants was 13.7 g/l at the optimum concentration of DL-diaminopimelic acid (DAP) in a medium containing 100 g/l of glucose, comparable to that by the previously reported conventional producers with feedback-resistant homoserine dehydrogenase (HD(R)). The DPS-defective mutants with feedback-sensitive AK showed a slow but substantial growth in the absence of DAP and their growth was markedly stimulated by DAP, while those with feedback-resistant AK grew well in the absence of DAP and their growth was not promoted by DAP more than that of the parent strain. DPS-defective mutants with HD(R) were derived from an HD(R) mutant producing 10 g/l of L-threonine and selected as AHV-resistant mutants with a higher productivity. The maximum production was 16 g/l.[1]


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