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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cloning and genomic organization of the TTL gene on mouse chromosome 2 and human chromosome 2q13.

Tubulin tyrosine ligase (TTL) is a cytosolic enzyme involved in the posttranslational modification of tubulin. In the assembled form microtubules are detyrosinated over time at the C-terminus of alpha-tubulin. After microtubular disassembly TTL restores tyrosine residues back to the detyrosinated tubulin leading to a cycle of detyrosination/tyrosination. Here we report the isolation of the human and mouse TTL cDNA. In comparison with other known TTL sequences, namely bovine, rat and porcine, we found that only porcine TTL deviates in length by having an insertion of two glutamate residues. In mouse and human TTL the genomic coding sequence is composed of seven exons with normal intron/exon boundaries. Using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), we mapped the murine TTL gene to mouse chromosome 2 (MMU2). Human TTL has been located to chromosome 2q13 (HSA2q13). In addition, we found frequently truncated PCR products of hTTL transcripts with aberrant splicing in tumors.[1]


  1. Cloning and genomic organization of the TTL gene on mouse chromosome 2 and human chromosome 2q13. Erck, C., MacLeod, R.A., Wehland, J. Cytogenet. Genome Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
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