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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sorbitol dehydrogenase from Bacillus subtilis. Purification, characterization, and gene cloning.

Cloning of the sorbitol dehydrogenase gene (gutB) from Bacillus subtilis offers an excellent system for studying zinc binding, substrate specificity, and catalytic mechanism of this enzyme through protein engineering. As a first step to clone gutB, B. subtilis sorbitol dehydrogenase has been purified to homogeneity and characterized. It is a tetrameric enzyme with a molecular mass of 38 kDa for each subunit. Atomic absorption analysis shows the presence of 1 mol of zinc atom/subunit. Substrate specificity and stereospecificity of the enzyme toward C-2 and C-4 of hexitols were established. Sequence of the first 31 amino acids was determined, and a set of oligonucleotide probes was designed for gene cloning. A positive clone carrying a 5-kilobase pair HindIII insert was isolated and sequenced. Sequence alignment indicated that the deduced amino acid sequence of B. subtilis sorbitol dehydrogenase shows 36% identity in sequence with the liver sorbitol dehydrogenase from sheep, rat, and human. In reference to the sequence of alcohol dehydrogenase, two potential zinc binding sites were identified. Sequence information related to the structure-function relationships of the enzyme is discussed.[1]


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