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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immobilization mechanisms of arsenate in iron hydroxide sludge stabilized with cement.

Leaching tests, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy, and thermodynamic modeling were performed to investigate arsenate [As(V)] immobilization mechanisms in iron hydroxide sludge stabilized with cement. The sludge from a groundwater remediation site in Tacoma, WA was mixed and immobilized with premixed cement to reach cement-to-sludge ratios of 2.5, 3.3, 5, 10, and 20 (wt premixed cement/wt dry sludge). The EXAFS analysis determined that As(V) formed bidentate mononuclear complexes on the iron hydroxide surface in the sludge. The adsorbed As(V) had a characteristic FTIR band at 830 cm(-1). Cement treatment converted the adsorbed As(V) to calcium arsenate precipitate with a FTIR peak at 860 cm(-1). The chemical forms of the As(V) were incorporated in an adsorption triple layer model (TLM) to describe the leaching behavior of As(V) in a pH range between 3 and 12. Cement treatment significantly reduced arsenic mobility because of the formation of the sparingly soluble calcium arsenate.[1]


  1. Immobilization mechanisms of arsenate in iron hydroxide sludge stabilized with cement. Jing, C., Korfiatis, G.P., Meng, X. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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