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Chemical Compound Review

CTK0E5960     iron dihydrate

Synonyms: 1310-15-2, 8064-01-5, 16408-24-5, 53468-07-8, Iron dihydroxide, ...
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Disease relevance of iron dihydrate


High impact information on iron dihydrate


Chemical compound and disease context of iron dihydrate


Biological context of iron dihydrate

  • The co-precipitation method required a smaller sample volume (10 fold less), and less column separation to recover the uranium from the seawater matrix, compared to the original iron hydroxide method [10].
  • Therefore, the removal of HA is not caused by adsorbing onto the iron hydroxide resulted from PFS hydrolysis, but through the complex-formation between the PFS and the HA [11].
  • Iron protein succinylate led not only to a faster increase of hemoglobin, hematocrit, MCV, serum iron, and ferritin than iron hydroxide polymaltose complex, but the laboratory values remained higher in group A than in B even after 2 months of treatment [12].
  • METHODS AND RESULTS: An enrichment culture and two pure cultures of IRB, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia BK and Brachymonas denitrificans MK identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, were produced using returned liquor from a municipal WWTP as carbon and energy source, and iron hydroxide as oxidant [13].
  • Overall, these results show that the intact human RBC is prone to oxidative stress when exposed to Fe3+ and that the RBC has a potent antioxidant system that can minimize the potential damage caused by acute exposure to a colloidal iron hydroxide in vitro [14].

Anatomical context of iron dihydrate


Associations of iron dihydrate with other chemical compounds


Gene context of iron dihydrate

  • Surface anionic sites of C. elegans were visualized by using cationized ferritin particles, at pH 7.2, and by using colloidal iron hydroxide particles at pH 1 [21].
  • Milk casein showed the greatest capability of suspension removal, and coagulating flocs formed by clay particles and iron hydroxide were almost perfectly recovered in foam generated from the liquid, even in the case of freshwater and seawater suspension at neutral pH [22].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of iron dihydrate

  • Resonance Raman spectroscopic evidence for heme iron-hydroxide ligation in peroxidase alkaline forms [23].
  • The fouling of ultrafiltration membranes by colloidal iron hydroxide-oxide has been studied by measuring the pore streaming potential of PES UF membrane. pH 5.5 (charge neutralization zone) provided better removal and lower fouling intensity than pH 7.8 (sweep coagulation zone), but the internal clogging at acidic pH was higher [24].


  1. Negative charge distribution and density on the surface of oxygenated normal and sickle red cells. Clark, L.J., Chan, L.S., Powars, D.R., Baker, R.F. Blood (1981) [Pubmed]
  2. Colloidal iron hydroxide-binding to the surfaces of chick embryo fibroblasts transformed by wild-type and a temperature-sensitive mutant of Rous sarcoma virus. Subjeck, J.R., Weiss, L., Warren, L. J. Cell. Physiol. (1977) [Pubmed]
  3. Environmental, mineralogical, and genetic characterization of ochreous and white precipitates from acid mine drainages in Taebaeg, Korea. Kim, J.T., Kim, S.J. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  4. Humoral and cellular immunity induced by antigens adjuvanted with colloidal iron hydroxide. Leibl, H., Tomasits, R., Brühl, P., Kerschbaum, A., Eibl, M.M., Mannhalter, J.W. Vaccine (1999) [Pubmed]
  5. Mapping of perineuronal nets in the rat brain stained by colloidal iron hydroxide histochemistry and lectin cytochemistry. Seeger, G., Brauer, K., Härtig, W., Brückner, G. Neuroscience (1994) [Pubmed]
  6. Immobilization mechanisms of arsenate in iron hydroxide sludge stabilized with cement. Jing, C., Korfiatis, G.P., Meng, X. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Microstructure control of iron hydroxide nanoparticles using surfactants with different molecular structures. Iijima, M., Yonemochi, Y., Tsukada, M., Kamiya, H. Journal of colloid and interface science. (2006) [Pubmed]
  8. A review of acidity generation and consumption in acidic coal mine lakes and their watersheds. Blodau, C. Sci. Total Environ. (2006) [Pubmed]
  9. Changes in cell surface anionogenic groups during differentiation of Herpetomonas samuelpessoai mediated by dimethylsulfoxide. de Araujo Soares, R.M., Alviano, C.S., Esteves, M.J., Angluster, J., Costa e Silva-Filho, F., de Souza, W. Cell Biophys. (1988) [Pubmed]
  10. A simple co-precipitation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometric method for the determination of uranium in seawater. Chou, C.L., Moffatt, J.D. Fresenius' journal of analytical chemistry. (2000) [Pubmed]
  11. A study of coagulation mechanisms of polyferric sulfate reacting with humic acid using a fluorescence-quenching method. Cheng, W.P., Chi, F.H. Water Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
  12. Comparative study of tolerability and efficacy of iron protein succinylate versus iron hydroxide polymaltose complex in the treatment of iron deficiency in children. Haliotis, F.A., Papanastasiou, D.A. International journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics. (1998) [Pubmed]
  13. Phosphate removal from the returned liquor of municipal wastewater treatment plant using iron-reducing bacteria. Ivanov, V., Stabnikov, V., Zhuang, W.Q., Tay, J.H., Tay, S.T. J. Appl. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  14. Lipid peroxidation, antioxidant enzymes and glutathione levels in human erythrocytes exposed to colloidal iron hydroxide in vitro. Ferreira, A.L., Machado, P.E., Matsubara, L.S. Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
  15. Effects of inorganic substances on water splitting in ion-exchange membranes; I. Electrochemical characteristics of ion-exchange membranes coated with iron hydroxide/oxide and silica sol. Kang, M.S., Choi, Y.J., Lee, H.J., Moon, S.H. Journal of colloid and interface science. (2004) [Pubmed]
  16. Anionic sites on the surface of frog ependymal astrocytes and mouse ependymal cells. Korte, G.E., Rosenbluth, J. Anat. Rec. (1982) [Pubmed]
  17. Interaction between Cryptosporidium oocysts and water treatment coagulants. Bustamante, H.A., Shanker, S.R., Pashley, R.M., Karaman, M.E. Water Res. (2001) [Pubmed]
  18. Regional specialization of the cell coat in the hair cells of the organ of Corti. Prieto, J.J., Merchan, J.A. Hear. Res. (1987) [Pubmed]
  19. Surface charge and ultrastructure of the cell surface of resident and thioglycolate-elicited mouse peritoneal macrophages. Santos, A.B., De Souza, W. J. Submicrosc. Cytol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  20. Surfactant-resisted assembly of Fe-containing nanoparticles for site-specific growth of SWNTs on Si surface. He, M., Ling, X., Zhang, J., Liu, Z. The journal of physical chemistry. B, Condensed matter, materials, surfaces, interfaces & biophysical. (2005) [Pubmed]
  21. Cytochemical characterization of the cuticle of Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematoda: Rhabditoidea). Peixoto, C.A., De Souza, W. J. Submicrosc. Cytol. Pathol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  22. Removal of suspended solids by coagulation and foam separation using surface-active protein. Suzuki, Y., Maruyama, T. Water Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
  23. Resonance Raman spectroscopic evidence for heme iron-hydroxide ligation in peroxidase alkaline forms. Sitter, A.J., Shifflett, J.R., Terner, J. J. Biol. Chem. (1988) [Pubmed]
  24. Membrane fouling and selectivity mechanisms in effluent ultrafiltration coupled with flocculation. Soffer, Y., Ben Aim, R., Adin, A. Water Sci. Technol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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