The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Inhibition of a constitutive translation initiation factor 2alpha phosphatase, CReP, promotes survival of stressed cells.

Phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2alpha (eIF2alpha) on serine 51 is effected by specific stress-activated protein kinases. eIF2alpha phosphorylation inhibits translation initiation promoting a cytoprotective gene expression program known as the integrated stress response (ISR). Stress-induced activation of GADD34 feeds back negatively on this pathway by promoting eIF2alpha dephosphorylation, however, GADD34 mutant cells retain significant eIF2alpha-directed phosphatase activity. We used a somatic cell genetic approach to identify a gene encoding a novel regulatory subunit of a constitutively active holophosphatase complex that dephosphorylates eIF2alpha. RNAi of this gene, which we named constitutive repressor of eIF2alpha phosphorylation (CReP, or PPP1R15B), repressed the constitutive eIF2alpha-directed phosphatase activity and activated the ISR. CReP RNAi strongly protected mammalian cells against oxidative stress, peroxynitrite stress, and more modestly against accumulation of malfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum. These findings suggest that therapeutic inhibition of eIF2alpha dephosphorylation by targeting the CReP-protein-phosphatase-1 complex may be used to access the salubrious qualities of the ISR.[1]

References

  1. Inhibition of a constitutive translation initiation factor 2alpha phosphatase, CReP, promotes survival of stressed cells. Jousse, C., Oyadomari, S., Novoa, I., Lu, P., Zhang, Y., Harding, H.P., Ron, D. J. Cell Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities