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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phosphorylation-dephosphorylation of light-harvesting complex II as a response to variation in irradiance is thiol sensitive and thylakoid sufficient: modulation of the sensitivity of the phenomenon by a peripheral component.

Downregulation of phosphorylation of chlorophyll a/b-binding proteins (LHCII) of the photosystem II at high irradiance could only be demonstrated with leaf discs but not in isolated thylakoids. The present view suggests this phenomenon to be regulated by stromal thioredoxin. Here, we show that high-light inactivation of LHCII phosphorylation can be reproduced in isolated thylakoids and have explained the apparent absence of inactivation in vitro to be due to the derepressed activity of a peripheral kinase. We investigated this phenomenon with Arachis hypogea thylakoids prepared with (Th:A) or without (Th:B) tricine, where tricine is known for removing peripheral proteins from thylakoids. While LHCII remained phosphorylated at high irradiance in Th:B, the response of Th:A mimicked Arachis leaflets where LHCII was transiently phosphorylated with irradiance. LHCII phosphorylation in Th:A was sensitive to thiol reducing conditions, but in Th:B, the phenomenon became insensitive to thiol reduction following illumination. Washing Th:B with tricine made them resemble Th:A, and conversely, Th:A reconstituted with the Tricine extract resembled Th:B with respect to both irradiance response and thiol sensitivity. In vitro phosphorylation reactions indicated a thiol insensitive kinase activity to be present in the Tricine extract that was capable of phosphorylating histone H1 as well as purified LHCII. This peripherally associated kinase activity explained the sustenance of LHCII phosphorylation as well as its thiol insensitivity at high irradiance in Th:B thylakoids. Contrary to the current view, our results clearly show that irradiance dependent phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of LHCII is a thylakoid sufficient phenomenon, although it remained open to regulation by thiol redox state modulation.[1]


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