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MeSH Review

Arachis hypogaea

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Disease relevance of Arachis hypogaea

  • The specimens incubated with saline, fibronectin, ADP, and arachis oil were examined histologically; with the exception of arachis oil all displayed ectodermal epithelial and mesenchymal hyperplasia of the membrane in association with increased vascularity [1].
  • Isolation and characterization of symbiotic mutants of bradyrhizobium sp. (Arachis) strain NC92: mutants with host-specific defects in nodulation and nitrogen fixation [2].
  • The rats were given BHA at a dose level of 2% in a powdered diet or by oral intubation of 1 g BHA/kg body weight/day in arachis oil [3].
  • Four of 14 strains of Rhizobium japonicum from soybean nodulated peanut (Arachis hypogaea L. cultivar Jumbo Virginia), and 3 of 8 Rhizobium sp. strains from peanut nodulate soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr. cultivar Harosoy 63) [4].
  • One hundred thirty-two patients with breast cancer were examined for exposure of cryptantigens on their erythrocytes (RBC) using a lectin panel consisting of Arachis hypogaea and Glycine soja [5].

High impact information on Arachis hypogaea

  • Alterations in the binding pattern between paraffin and frozen sections were noted only for Arachis hypogaea and Glycine max [6].
  • We recently reported that Arachis hypogaea serine/threonine/tyrosine (STY) protein kinase is developmentally regulated and is induced by abiotic stresses (Rudrabhatla, P., and Rajasekharan, R. (2002) Plant Physiol. 130, 380-390) [7].
  • The enzyme was purified by successive chromatographic separations on octyl-Sepharose, blue-Sepharose, Superdex-75, and palmitoyl-CoA-agarose to apparent homogeneity from developing peanut (Arachis hypogaea) cotyledons [8].
  • The two amino acid motifs in the chalcone synthase from Pinus sylvestris (Gln-Gln) and in the stilbene synthases from P. sylvestris (Gln-His) and Arachis hypogaea (His-Gln) were changed by site-directed mutagenesis into all sequence combinations as found in the natural enzymes [9].
  • This pattern contrasts with the detection of the terminal disaccharide galactose beta-1,3-N-acetylgalactosamine by Arachis hypogaea lectin in middle and trans-Golgi compartments, which are considered elongation sites for O-glycosylation [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of Arachis hypogaea


Biological context of Arachis hypogaea


Anatomical context of Arachis hypogaea


Associations of Arachis hypogaea with chemical compounds

  • A comparison between the carbohydrate-binding specificities of amaranthin and peanut (Arachis hypogaea) agglutinin is discussed [26].
  • A 4-methylene-L-glutamine amidohydrolase has been partially purified from leaf extracts of 2-week germinated peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) [27].
  • For histochemical localization of sialic acid, paraffin sections were treated with Arachis hypogaea lectin (PNA) before and after neuraminidase treatment [28].
  • Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues were tested with Glycine maximus (SBA), Dolichos biflorus (DBA), Triticum vulgaris (WGA), Concanavalia ensiformis (Con A), Lotus tetragonolobus (LTA), Arachis hypogaea (PNA), and Bandeiraea simplicifolia (BSAI) [29].
  • Control experiments with neuraminidase-treated brain samples revealed positivity to the lectin from Arachis hypogaea (PNA), which is specific for galactose [30].

Gene context of Arachis hypogaea

  • They were all labeled by peanut lectin (Arachis hypogaea) and three showed reactivity for S-100 protein [31].
  • Signaling by glutamate dehydrogenase in response to pesticide treatment and nitrogen fertilization of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) [32].
  • Addition of the carbohydrates methyl alpha-D-mannopyranoside and methyl alpha-D-galactopyranoside to the interaction medium, pretreatment of Lec1 and Lec2 cells with lectins Concanavalina A and Arachis hypogaea and pretreatment with sodium periodate decreased the adhesion and the endocytic index [33].
  • The glycoprotein CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen) carries carbohydrate groups, which react with the plant lectins from Agaricus bisporus, Arachis hypogaea (peanut), with Tridacnin from invertebrate clams and with the anti-A lectins from snails [34].
  • Pancreatic gp58 was susceptible to alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase digestion and it bound concanavalin A, Helix pomatia, Dolichos biflorus, soybean agglutinin, and Bauhinia purpurea lectins, but not Ricinus communis agglutinin or lectins from Griffonia simplicifolia-1, Arachis hypogaea, and Limulus polyphemus [35].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Arachis hypogaea

  • Release evoked by electrical stimulation (difference between stimulated and resting release) in the absence of atropine, i.e., "basal rate," for strips taken at various times after a single injection of DFP did not differ from that for strips from animals receiving arachis oil only [36].
  • The dose of chlormethiazole was such that it produced the same degree of hypnosis as would be expected from oral administration of two capsules each containing 192 mg of base in arachis oil [37].
  • The IUD stimulated a deciduomal response in every animal, whereas the traumatization with arachis oil had no such effect; the variation in the peripheral and utero-ovarian steroid levels could not explain the variation in the incidence of the deciduomal reaction [38].
  • Chick bioassay of available methionine and sulphur amino acids (SAA). Assay of African oil bean meal (Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth), conophor seed meal (Tetracarpidium conophorum, Hutch) and groundnut meals (Arachis hypogeae Linn) [39].
  • A glucose-specific lectin has been purified to apparent homogeneity from 7-day-old peanut (Arachis hypogaea) roots by affinity chromatography on a Sephadex G-50 [40].


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  2. Isolation and characterization of symbiotic mutants of bradyrhizobium sp. (Arachis) strain NC92: mutants with host-specific defects in nodulation and nitrogen fixation. Wilson, K.J., Anjaiah, V., Nambiar, P.T., Ausubel, F.M. J. Bacteriol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  3. Effects of BHA and related phenols on the forestomach of rats. Altmann, H.J., Grunow, W., Mohr, U., Richter-Reichhelm, H.B., Wester, P.W. Food Chem. Toxicol. (1986) [Pubmed]
  4. Interaction of lectins from soybean and peanut with rhizobia that nodulate soybean, peanut, or both plants. Pueppke, S.G., Freund, T.G., Schulz, B.C., Friedman, H.P. Can. J. Microbiol. (1980) [Pubmed]
  5. Exposure of cryptantigens on erythrocytes in patients with breast cancer. Buskila, D., Levene, C., Biran, H., Levene, N.A. Cancer (1988) [Pubmed]
  6. Lectin binding patterns in developing rat colon. Colony, P.C., Steely, J. Gastroenterology (1987) [Pubmed]
  7. Mutational analysis of stress-responsive peanut dual specificity protein kinase. Identification of tyrosine residues involved in regulation of protein kinase activity. Rudrabhatla, P., Rajasekharan, R. J. Biol. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
  8. Identification, purification, and characterization of monoacylglycerol acyltransferase from developing peanut cotyledons. Tumaney, A.W., Shekar, S., Rajasekharan, R. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
  9. A single change of histidine to glutamine alters the substrate preference of a stilbene synthase. Schröder, G., Schröder, J. J. Biol. Chem. (1992) [Pubmed]
  10. Presence of terminal N-acetylgalactosamine residues in subregions of the endoplasmic reticulum is influenced by cell differentiation in culture. Perez-Vilar, J., Hidalgo, J., Velasco, A. J. Biol. Chem. (1991) [Pubmed]
  11. Lectin histochemistry of ameloblastomas and odontogenic keratocysts. Aguirre, A., Takai, Y., Meenaghan, M., Neiders, M., Natiella, J.R. J. Oral Pathol. Med. (1989) [Pubmed]
  12. Carbohydrate expression profile of colorectal cancer cells is relevant to metastatic pattern and prognosis. Konno, A., Hoshino, Y., Terashima, S., Motoki, R., Kawaguchi, T. Clin. Exp. Metastasis (2002) [Pubmed]
  13. Treatment of corneal xerophthalmia with topical retinoic acid. Sommer, A. Am. J. Ophthalmol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  14. Patient-tailored cloning of allergens by phage display: peanut (Arachis hypogaea) profilin, a food allergen derived from a rare mRNA. Kleber-Janke, T., Crameri, R., Scheurer, S., Vieths, S., Becker, W.M. J. Chromatogr. B Biomed. Sci. Appl. (2001) [Pubmed]
  15. Bacterial, azotobacter, actinomycetes, and fungal population in soil after diazinon, imidacloprid, and lindane treatments in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) fields. Singh, J., Singh, D.K. Journal of environmental science and health. Part. B, Pesticides, food contaminants, and agricultural wastes. (2005) [Pubmed]
  16. Synthesis of N,N'-bis(acrylamido)acetic acid-based T-antigen glycodendrimers and their mouse monoclonal IgG antibody binding properties. Roy, R., Baek, M.G., Rittenhouse-Olson, K. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2001) [Pubmed]
  17. Purification and characterization of a differentiation-specific sialoglycoprotein of lactating-guinea-pig mammary tissue. Johnson, V.G., Greenwalt, D.E., Madara, P.J., Mather, I.H. Biochem. J. (1988) [Pubmed]
  18. Development and disappearance of subsensitivity to pilocarpine following a single administration of the irreversible anticholinesterase angent, DFP. Overstreet, D.H., Helps, S.C., Prescott, A.M., Schiller, G.D. Psychopharmacology (Berl.) (1977) [Pubmed]
  19. Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seed protein characterization and genotype sample classification using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Savoy, C.F. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1976) [Pubmed]
  20. The high oleate trait in the cultivated peanut [Arachis hypogaea L]. II. Molecular basis and genetics of the trait. Jung, S., Powell, G., Moore, K., Abbott, A. Mol. Gen. Genet. (2000) [Pubmed]
  21. A carbohydrate-deficient membrane glycoprotein in human erythrocytes of phenotype S-s-. Tanner, M.J., Anstee, D.J., Judson, P.A. Biochem. J. (1977) [Pubmed]
  22. Glycosylation of developing human glomeruli: lectin binding sites during cell induction and maturation. Holthöfer, H., Virtanen, I. J. Histochem. Cytochem. (1987) [Pubmed]
  23. The short-term effects of testosterone on brain protein synthesis in 4-day-old rats: an electrophoretic study of proteins following intraventricular injection of [35S]methionine. Stanley, H.F., Fink, G. Brain Res. (1985) [Pubmed]
  24. Lymphocyte cell surface glycoproteins which bind to soybean and peanut lectins. Brown, W.R., Williams, A.F. Immunology (1982) [Pubmed]
  25. Clara cell protein as a marker of Clara cell damage and bronchoalveolar blood barrier permeability. Hermans, C., Knoops, B., Wiedig, M., Arsalane, K., Toubeau, G., Falmagne, P., Bernard, A. Eur. Respir. J. (1999) [Pubmed]
  26. Isolation and characterization of amaranthin, a lectin present in the seeds of Amaranthus caudatus, that recognizes the T- (or cryptic T)-antigen. Rinderle, S.J., Goldstein, I.J., Matta, K.L., Ratcliffe, R.M. J. Biol. Chem. (1989) [Pubmed]
  27. Purification and properties of a 4-methylene-L-glutamine amidohydrolase from peanut leaves. Powell, G.K., Dekker, E.E. J. Biol. Chem. (1983) [Pubmed]
  28. Distribution of glycosaminoglycans in rat renal tubular epithelium. Weinstein, T., Gafter, U., Chagnac, A., Skutelsky, E. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  29. Lectin binding in the male breast. Raju, G.C., Lee, Y.S. J. Pathol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  30. O-Glycosylation in sprouting neurons in Alzheimer disease, indicating reactive plasticity. Espinosa, B., Zenteno, R., Mena, R., Robitaille, Y., Zenteno, E., Guevara, J. J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  31. Immunohistochemical study of granular cell tumors of the neurohypophysis. Nishioka, H., Ii, K., Llena, J.F., Hirano, A. Virchows Arch., B, Cell Pathol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  32. Signaling by glutamate dehydrogenase in response to pesticide treatment and nitrogen fertilization of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Osuji, G.O., Braithwaite, C. J. Agric. Food Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
  33. The role of surface carbohydrates on the interaction of microconidia of Trichophyton mentagrophytes with epithelial cells. Esquenazi, D., de Souza, W., Alviano, C.S., Rozental, S. FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  34. New lectin receptors in carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). Wintzer, G., Uhlenbruck, G., Steinhausen, G., Carmann, H. Experientia (1978) [Pubmed]
  35. A 58-kDa resident protein of the cis Golgi cisterna is not terminally glycosylated. Hendricks, L.C., Gabel, C.A., Suh, K., Farquhar, M.G. J. Biol. Chem. (1991) [Pubmed]
  36. Changes in presynaptic release of acetylcholine during development of tolerance to the anticholinesterase, DFP. Russell, R.W., Booth, R.A., Jenden, D.J., Roch, M., Rice, K.M. J. Neurochem. (1985) [Pubmed]
  37. The effect of chlormethiazole on the hypoxic drive to breathing in normal man. Calverley, P.M., Carmichael, G.L., Scott, D.B. British journal of clinical pharmacology. (1984) [Pubmed]
  38. Uterine histology and prostaglandin concentrations and utero-ovarian venous steroid and prostaglandin concentrations during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle in baboons (Papio spp.) with or without an IUD. Wheeler, A.G., Hurst, P.R., Poyser, N.L., Eckstein, P. J. Reprod. Fertil. (1983) [Pubmed]
  39. Chick bioassay of available methionine and sulphur amino acids (SAA). Assay of African oil bean meal (Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth), conophor seed meal (Tetracarpidium conophorum, Hutch) and groundnut meals (Arachis hypogeae Linn). Njike, M.C., Mba, A.U., Oyenuga, V.A. J. Sci. Food Agric. (1975) [Pubmed]
  40. Isolation and characterization of a lectin from peanut roots. Kalsi, G., Das, H.R., Babu, C.R., Das, R.H. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1992) [Pubmed]
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