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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of C-type natriuretic peptide on ionic currents in mouse sinoatrial node: a role for the NPR-C receptor.

The effects of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) on heart rate and ionic currents were demonstrated by recording the ECG from adult mice and performing voltage-clamp experiments on single sinoatrial (SA) node cells isolated from mouse heart. The selective natriuretic peptide type C receptor (NPR-C) agonist cANF (10(-7) M) significantly decreased heart rate in the presence of isoproterenol (5 x 10(-9) M), as indicated by an increase in the R-R interval of ECGs obtained from Langendorff-perfused hearts. Voltage-clamp measurements in enzymatically isolated single pacemaker myocytes revealed that CNP (10(-8) M) and cANF (10(-8) M) significantly inhibited L-type Ca2+ current [ICa(L)]. These findings suggest that the CNP effect on this current is mediated by NPR-C. Further support for an NPR-C- mediated inhibition of ICa(L) in SA node myocytes was obtained by altering the functional coupling between the G protein Gi and NPR-C. In these experiments, a "Gi-activator peptide," which consists of a 17-amino acid segment of NPR-C containing a specific Gi protein-activator sequence, was dialyzed into SA node myocytes. This peptide decreased ICa(L) significantly, suggesting that NPR-C activation can result in a reduction in ICa(L) when CNP is bound and the Gi protein pathway is activated. This effect of CNP appears to be selective for ICa(L), because the hyperpolarization-activated current was unaffected by CNP or cANF. These results provide the first demonstration that CNP has a negative chronotropic effect on heart rate and suggest that this effect is mediated by selectively activating NPR-C and reducing ICa(L) through coupling to Gi protein.[1]


  1. Effects of C-type natriuretic peptide on ionic currents in mouse sinoatrial node: a role for the NPR-C receptor. Rose, R.A., Lomax, A.E., Kondo, C.S., Anand-Srivastava, M.B., Giles, W.R. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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