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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Caveolin-1 regulates matrix metalloproteinases-1 induction and CD147/EMMPRIN cell surface clustering.

CD147, a regulator of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) production, showed highly specific association with caveolin-1 on the surface of multiple cell types. CD147-caveolin-1 complex formation was temperature and cholesterol dependent, reminiscent of associations seen within caveolae/lipid rafts. However, the subset of caveolin-1 associated with CD147 appeared exclusively within intermediate density sucrose gradient fractions, rather than in the low density fractions containing the bulk of caveolin-1. Mutagenesis experiments revealed that CD147 Ig domain 2 was required for caveolin-1 association. In contrast to CD147-caveolin-1 complexes, CD147-alpha(3) integrin association was not disrupted upon cholesterol depletion, occurred in high density sucrose fractions, and did not involve CD147 Ig domain 2. Overexpression of caveolin-1 caused a specific decrease in clustering of cell surface CD147, as detected by "cluster specific" mAb M6/13. Conversely, a mutant CD147 deficient in caveolin-1 association showed enhanced spontaneous cell surface clustering (detected by mAb M6/13), and did not show decreased clustering in response to caveolin-1 overexpression. Furthermore, the same CD147 mutant yielded an elevated induction of MMP-1. In conclusion, caveolin-1 associates with CD147, in a complex distinct from CD147-alpha(3) integrin complexes, thereby diminishing both CD147 clustering and CD147-dependent MMP-1-inducing activity.[1]


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