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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Serum lipids in children 3 to 5 years after kidney, liver, and heart transplantation.

Although dyslipidemia is common after solid organ transplantation (Tx), there are few long-term studies in children. We investigated the prevalence of dyslipidemia up to 5 years after Tx in 125 children on triple immunosuppression with one of three different well-functioning grafts, kidney, liver, and heart, and 181 controls. Total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and triglyceride (TG) concentrations were measured annually. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations were also calculated. The risk factors for dyslipidemia were determined at 3 years. There was a high prevalence of hypertriglyceridaemia in all three groups, 50% in the kidney transplantation (KTx) and heart transplantation (HTx) groups and 30% in the liver transplantation (LTx) group. In addition, 50% of KTx patients had high TC. In the Tx groups taken together, the following independent associations were observed: KTx and high pre-Tx TC were associated with high TC, high trough concentration of blood cyclosporine with low HDL-C, and older age at Tx accounted for higher TG. Dyslipidemia, especially hypertriglyceridaemia, was common 3-5 years after Tx. The aetiology is multifactorial and depends on the transplanted organ.[1]


  1. Serum lipids in children 3 to 5 years after kidney, liver, and heart transplantation. Siirtola, A., Antikainen, M., Ala-Houhala, M., Koivisto, A.M., Solakivi, T., Jokela, H., Lehtimäki, T., Holmberg, C., Salo, M.K. Transpl. Int. (2004) [Pubmed]
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