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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In vivo studies on putative Shine-Dalgarno sequences of the halophilic archaeon Halobacterium salinarum.

The involvement of Shine-Dalgarno sequences in the translation of mRNA in halophilic archaea was investigated for two gvp genes involved in gas vesicle formation in Halobacterium salinarum PHH1. With the exception of gvpA and gvpO, all reading frames of the p-gvpDEFGHIJKLM and p-gvpACNO mRNAs contained upstream of the AUG start codon a putative Shine-Dalgarno (SD) sequence that is complementary to the 3'-end of the small ribosomal subunit RNA. The importance of the SD sequences of gvpG and gvpH was investigated in Haloferax volcanii transformants, and an alteration of the SD sequence resulted in a reduction of the amount of the GvpG or GvpH protein. For a more quantitative analysis the region upstream of gvpH was fused to the bgaH reading frame encoding an enzyme with beta-galactosidase activity as reporter. Scanning mutagenesis within the mRNA leader demonstrated that mutations adjacent to the putative SD sequence GGAGGUCA did not influence the efficiency of translation, whereas constructs harbouring an altered SD sequence yielded only 5-50% of the beta-galactosidase activities obtained with the wild-type SD element. A complete mutation of the SD sequence still yielded 20% of the wild-type activity. Alterations in the spacing of the SD sequence and the translation initiation codon of gvpH indicated that a distance of 4 or 10 nucleotides yielded a similar beta-galactosidase activity as found with the 7 nt spacing of the SD element in wild type, whereas a distance of 1 nt resulted in the loss of translation. A complete deletion of the 5'-UTR resulting in a leaderless mRNA yielded an enhanced beta-galactosidase activity in transformants implying that the initiation of translation involved a mechanism other than a specific mRNA-rRNA interaction.[1]


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