The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

19F NMR studies of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1.

Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is a 43 kDa protein involved in the regulation of fibrinolysis. PAI-1 is the principal inhibitor of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA), trapping the proteinase as an acyl-enzyme covalent complex (approximately 105 kDa). Four single tryptophan mutants of PAI-1 have been constructed in which three of the four tryptophan residues (Trp86, Trp139, Trp175, and Trp262) were replaced with phenylalanine. Biosynthetic incorporation of 5-fluorotryptophan (5F-Trp) into wild-type PAI-1 (5FW wtPAI-1) and the single tryptophan mutants (5FW86, 5FW139, 5FW175, and 5FW262) was achieved, allowing a (19)F NMR spectroscopic study of PAI-1 in its active and cleaved forms and in complex with t-PA. The (19)F NMR spectrum of active 5FW wtPAI-1 shows four clearly resolved peaks at -39.20, -49.26, -50.74, and -52.57 ppm relative to trifluoroacetic acid at 0 ppm. Unequivocal assignments of these four resonances in the spectrum of 5FW wtPAI-1 to specific tryptophan residues were accomplished by measuring the chemical shifts of the (19)F resonances of the single tryptophan mutants. There was close agreement between the resonances observed in 5FW wtPAI-1 and of those in the mutants for all three protein forms. This would imply little structural perturbation in the local structures of the tryptophan residues resulting from substitution by phenylalanine. The 5FW wtPAI-1 was observed to have lower second-order rate constant (k(app)) for the inhibition of t-PA than the natural tryptophan wtPAI-1, suggesting that the decreased activity may result from a small structural effect of the fluorine substituent of the indole ring. Further alterations in the k(app) and the stoichiometry of inhibition (SI) were observed in each of the mutants indicating an effect of the three tryptophan to phenylalanine mutations. Detailed interpretation of the (19)F NMR spectra of the PAI-1 mutants provides insights into the local segmental structure of the active form of the proteins and the structural changes that occur in the cleaved and t-PA complexed forms.[1]


  1. 19F NMR studies of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1. Abbott, G.L., Blouse, G.E., Perron, M.J., Shore, J.D., Luck, L.A., Szabo, A.G. Biochemistry (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities