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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Chronic delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction as a means to treat alopecia areata.

The acute phase of alopecia areata (AA) is characterized by an increase in CD44v3+ and CD44v10+ skin-infiltrating leucocytes (SkIL). Induction of a contact eczema, one of the therapeutic options in AA, can be mitigated strongly by a blockade of CD44v10. The observation that induction of a delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction abrogates an autoimmune reaction, where both responses apparently use similar effector mechanisms, is surprising and prompted us to search for the underlying mechanisms. AA-affected C3H/HeJ mice were treated with the contact sensitizer SADBE (squaric acid dibutylester) and leucocyte subpopulations and their activation state was evaluated in SkIL and draining lymph nodes. AA-affected mice exhibited an increased number of SkIL with a predominance of T lymphocytes. After treatment with the contact sensitizer SADBE recovery of SkIL was reduced and monocytes predominated. However, a significantly increased number of leucocytes was recovered from draining lymph nodes. Draining lymph node cells from untreated and treated AA mice exhibited all signs of recent activation with high-level expression of co-stimulatory and accessory molecules and an increased percentage of CD44v3+ and CD44v10+ leucocytes. In contrast, SkIL of SADBE-treated AA mice contained relatively few activated T cells and reduced numbers of CD44v3+ and CD44v10+ cells. Thus, the activation state and the distribution of leucocyte subsets in SADBE-treated AA mice are consistent with a blockade of leucocyte extravasation. Accordingly, the therapeutic effect of long-term SADBE treatment may rely on impaired leucocyte traffic.[1]


  1. Chronic delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction as a means to treat alopecia areata. Zöller, M., Freyschmidt-Paul, P., Vitacolonna, M., McElwee, K.J., Hummel, S., Hoffmann, R. Clin. Exp. Immunol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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