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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Shigella interactions with the actin cytoskeleton in the absence of Ena/VASP family proteins.

Shigella move through the cytosol of infected cells by assembly of a propulsive actin tail at one end of the bacterium. Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP), a member of the Ena/VASP family of proteins, is important in cellular actin dynamics and is present on intracellular Shigella. VASP binds both profilin, an actin monomer-binding protein, and vinculin, a component of intercellular contacts that also binds the Shigella actin assembly protein IcsA. It has been postulated that VASP might serve as a linker between vinculin and profilin on intracellular Shigella, thereby delivering profilin to the Shigella actin assembly machinery. We show that Shigella actin-based motility is unaltered in cells that are deficient for the Ena/VASP family of proteins. In these cells, Shigella form normal-appearing actin tails and move at rates that are comparable to the rates of bacterial movement in Ena/VASP-deficient cells complemented with the Ena/VASP family member Mena. Finally, whereas vinculin can bind the Arp2/3 complex, we show that Arp2/3 recruitment to Shigella is not correlated with vinculin recruitment, indicating that the role of vinculin in Shigella motility is not recruitment of Arp2/3. Thus, although VASP is recruited to the surface of intracellular Shigella, it is not essential for Shigella actin-based motility.[1]


  1. Shigella interactions with the actin cytoskeleton in the absence of Ena/VASP family proteins. Ally, S., Sauer, N.J., Loureiro, J.J., Snapper, S.B., Gertler, F.B., Goldberg, M.B. Cell. Microbiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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