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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Prostaglandin E receptors in bile ducts of hepatolithiasis patients and the pathobiological significance for cholangitis.

BACKGROUND & AIMS: In hepatolithiasis, chronic proliferative cholangitis may influence the progression of the disease. Prostaglandin (PG) E(2) experimentally causes morphologic changes to intrahepatic bile ducts, analogous to the changes found in cholangitis. This study was designed to gain an understanding of the involvement of PGE(2) and PGE receptor (EP) subtypes in the development of cholangitis. METHODS: The expression levels of secretory-type group IIA phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)-IIA) and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 as well as EP subtypes were determined in the bile ducts with change of cholangitis. In in vitro experiments, growth promotion and mucin secretagogue properties of biliary epithelial cells in response to EP-selective agonists or antagonists were studied. RESULTS: The messenger RNA (mRNA) level of sPLA(2)-IIA and the protein and mRNA levels of COX-2 were significantly increased in the bile ducts of patients with hepatolithiasis compared with the levels of the bile ducts of control subjects. These changes were associated with a concomitant increase in PGE(2) and total mucin concentrations in the bile. The mRNAs of EP subtypes EP(2), EP(3), and EP(4) but not EP(1) were amplified in the bile ducts. Treatment with an EP(4)-selective agonist (ONO-AE1-329) caused a dose-dependent increase in DNA synthesis, colony number, and mucin secretion in the cells. Conversely, treatment with an EP(4)-selective antagonist (ONO-AE3-208) abolished the biological effects of PGE(2) on the cells. CONCLUSIONS: In hepatolithiasis, an enhanced synthesis of sPLA(2)-/COX-2-derived PGE(2) and its actions mediated via the EP(4) receptor in the bile ducts may be of pathobiological significance for chronic proliferative cholangitis.[1]


  1. Prostaglandin E receptors in bile ducts of hepatolithiasis patients and the pathobiological significance for cholangitis. Shoda, J., Ueda, T., Kawamoto, T., Todoroki, T., Asano, T., Sugimoto, Y., Ichikawa, A., Maruyama, T., Nimura, Y., Tanaka, N. Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology : the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association. (2003) [Pubmed]
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