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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Genetic evidence of a role for membrane lipid composition in the regulation of soluble NEM-sensitive factor receptor function in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

SEC9 and SPO20 encode SNARE proteins related to the mammalian SNAP-25 family. Sec9p associates with the SNAREs Sso1/2p and Snc1/2p to promote the fusion of vesicles with the plasma membrane. Spo20p functions with the same two partner SNAREs to mediate the fusion of vesicles with the prospore membrane during sporogenesis. A chimeric molecule, in which the helices of Sec9p that bind to Sso1/2p and Snc1/2p are replaced with the homologous regions of Spo20p, will not support vesicle fusion in vegetative cells. The phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate-5-kinase MSS4 was isolated as a high-copy suppressor that permits this chimera to rescue the temperature-sensitive growth of a sec9-4 mutant. Suppression by MSS4 is specific to molecules that contain the Spo20p helical domains. This suppression requires an intact copy of SPO14, encoding phospholipase D. Overexpression of MSS4 leads to a recruitment of the Spo14 protein to the plasma membrane and this may be the basis for MSS4 action. Consistent with this, deletion of KES1, a gene that behaves as a negative regulator of SPO14, also promotes the function of SPO20 in vegetative cells. These results indicate that elevated levels of phosphatidic acid in the membrane may be required specifically for the function of SNARE complexes containing Spo20p.[1]


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