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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Stimulation by parathyroid hormone of a NHERF-1-assembled complex consisting of the parathyroid hormone I receptor, phospholipase Cbeta, and actin increases intracellular calcium in opossum kidney cells.

Parathyroid hormone ( PTH) binds its cognate G-protein-coupled receptor (PTH1R) and signals through both adenylyl cyclase and phospholipase C (PLC). C-terminal determinants of the PTH1R interact with the Na+/H+ exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF-1) by binding the first of two PDZ (psd95, discs-large, ZO-1) domains. Compared with wild-type opossum kidney (OK) cells, OKH cells, a sub-clone, do not display PTH- mediated increases of [Ca2+]i and express NHERF-1 at markedly lower levels. Stable expression of NHERF-1 in the OKH parent (OKH-N1) restores the PTH-mediated increase of [Ca2+]i that arises from an influx of extracellular calcium and is both PLC-dependent and pertussis toxin-sensitive. From a morphological perspective, NHERF-1 and the PTH1R co-localize to apical patches of OKH-N1 cells, an expression pattern that is absent in OKH cells and depends on a direct NHERF-1-PTH1R interaction in OKH-N1 cells. Actin and PLCbeta1 and -beta3 co-localize with NHERF-1 and the PTH1R in OKH-N1 cell apical patches. Actin is also an integral component of the NHERF-1-assembled complex because cytochalasin D disrupts apical localization of both NHERF-1 and the PTH1R and inhibits the PTH- mediated increase of [Ca2+]i. Expression of the first PDZ domain of NHERF-1 acts as a dominant-negative interactor by blocking apical localization of the PTH1R and inhibiting PTH-elicited increases of [Ca2+]i. Thus, NHERF-1 assembles a signaling complex in the apical domains of OK cells that contains the PTH1R, PLCbeta, and the actin cytoskeleton. Disruption of this complex blocks the PTH mediated increases of intracellular calcium.[1]


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