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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Growth inhibition and loss of virulence in cultures of Agrobacterium tumefaciens treated with acetosyringone.

Acetosyringone, a phenolic inducer of the virulence ( vir) genes of Agrobacterium tumefaciens, inhibited the growth of the nopaline-type strains T37 and C58 incubated under acidic conditions. In the course of a 6-day incubation with acetosyringone, avirulent clones were produced in different proportions by strains T37 and C58 and also by a spontaneous variant of strain C58, denominated C58F. The proportion of avirulent clones in acetosyringone-treated cultures often exceeded 50% for strains T37 and C58F and was of the order of 1% for strain C58. Control cultures not exposed to acetosyringone did not yield avirulent clones. Two other vir inducers, sinapinic acid and syringaldehyde, also inhibited growth and promoted accumulation of avirulent clones in cultures of strains C58F and T37. On the other hand, various acetosyringone analogs reported not to induce the vir genes did not act as growth inhibitors. All of the T37 and most of the C58F avirulent clones examined still carried a Ti plasmid. In all instances examined, avirulent clones still carrying a Ti plasmid were mutated in this plasmid. Mutants of strain C58F lacked the capacity to induce a virB::lacZ fusion in the presence of acetosyringone.[1]


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