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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Renal carcinoma cells undergo apoptosis without oligonucleosomal DNA fragmentation.

Apoptotic DNA fragmentation minimizes the risk of transferring genetic information from apoptotic cancer cells to the neighboring cells. We have reported previously that caspase-deficient human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) lines were almost completely resistant to apoptosis in response to cytotoxic agents. In the present report we examined apoptotic process in caspase competent RCC-91 cells. Apoptosis in RCC-91 cells was accompanied by activation of caspases-3 and -9; cleavage of PARP and DFF45 proteins; typical apoptotic nuclei fragmentation and mitochondrial collapse. Nevertheless, DNA in these cells was not degraded into oligonucleosomal fragments compared to control Jurkat cells. Expression of caspase-activated DNase, DFF40 accountable for characteristic ladder pattern was easily detectable in Jurkat but not renal cancer cells, providing one possible explanation for the lack of oligonucleosomal DNA fragmentation in apoptotic RCC cells. Lack of typical DNA fragmentation indicates a potential threat of transferring genetic information from one tumor cell to another or to the neighboring healthy cells.[1]


  1. Renal carcinoma cells undergo apoptosis without oligonucleosomal DNA fragmentation. Yamaguchi, K., Uzzo, R., Dulin, N., Finke, J.H., Kolenko, V. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2004) [Pubmed]
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