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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Unique and overlapping functions of pRb and p107 in the control of proliferation and differentiation in epidermis.

The retinoblastoma gene product, pRb, plays a crucial role in cell cycle regulation, differentiation and inhibition of oncogenic transformation. pRb and its closely related family members p107 and p130 perform exclusive and overlapping functions during mouse development. The embryonic lethality of Rb-null animals restricts the phenotypic analysis of these mice to mid-gestation embryogenesis. We employed the Cre/loxP system to study the function of Rb in adult mouse stratified epithelium. Rb(F19/F19);K14cre mice displayed hyperplasia and hyperkeratosis in the epidermis with increased proliferation and aberrant expression of differentiation markers. In vitro, pRb is essential for the maintainance of the postmitotic state of terminally differentiated keratinocytes, preventing cell cycle re-entry. However, p107 compensates for the effects of Rb loss as the phenotypic abnormalities of Rb(F19/F19);K14cre keratinocytes in vivo and in vitro become more severe with the concurrent loss of p107 alleles. p107 alone appears to be dispensable for all these phenotypic changes, as the presence of a single Rb allele in a p107-null background rescues all these alterations. Luciferase reporter experiments indicate that these phenotypic alterations might be mediated by increased E2F activity. Our findings support a model in which pRb in conjunction with p107 plays a central role in regulating epidermal homeostasis.[1]


  1. Unique and overlapping functions of pRb and p107 in the control of proliferation and differentiation in epidermis. Ruiz, S., Santos, M., Segrelles, C., Leis, H., Jorcano, J.L., Berns, A., Paramio, J.M., Vooijs, M. Development (2004) [Pubmed]
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