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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Structural organization of the murine microsomal glutathione S-transferase gene ( MGST1) from the 129/SvJ strain: identification of the promoter region and a comprehensive examination of tissue expression.

The structure and regulation of the murine microsomal glutathione transferase gene ( MGST1) from the 129/SvJ strain is described and demonstrates considerable difference in nucleotide sequence and consequently in restriction enzyme sites as compared to other mouse strains. A comparison of the amino acid sequence for MGST1 revealed one difference in exon 2 between the 129/SvJ strain (arginine at position 5) and the sequence previously reported for the Balb/c strain (lysine). The promoter region immediately upstream of the dominant first exon is functional, transcriptionally responds to oxidative stress, and is highly homologous to the human region. Oxidative stress also induced the production of endogenous MGST1 mRNA. The tissue-specific expression of MGST1 mRNA was studied, and as anticipated, was indeed highest in liver. There was, however, marked mRNA expression in several tissues not previously studied including smooth muscle, epidymus, ovaries, and endocrine glands in which the expression of various peroxidases is also very high (salivary and thyroid). Overall, there was a good agreement between the mRNA content detected and previous reports of MGST1 activity with the exception of brain tissue.[1]


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