The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sodium channel blocking activity of AM-36 and sipatrigine (BW619C89): in vitro and in vivo evidence.

Sodium channel blockers are neuroprotective against cerebral ischemia in animal models. A novel neuroprotective compound AM-36, when screened for activity at the most common receptor and ion channel binding sites, revealed activity at site 2 Na+ channels. Studies then investigated this Na+ channel blocking activity in vitro and in vivo relative to other Na+ channel blockers, including the neuroprotective agent sipatrigine (BW619C89). AM-36 inhibited batrachotoxinin (BTX)-sensitive Na+ channel binding in rat brain homogenates with an IC50 of 0.28 microM. Veratridine (100 microM)-induced neurotoxicity in murine cerebellar granule cells was completely inhibited by AM-36 (1.7 microM) compared to only partial inhibition by sipatrigine (26 microM). Veratridine-stimulated glutamate release, as measured through a microdialysis probe in the cortex of anesthetised rats, was inhibited by 90% by superfusion of AM-36 (1000 microM). In the endothelin-1 (ET-1) model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) in conscious rats, both AM-36 (6 mg/kg i.p.) and sipatrigine (10 mg/kg i.p.) 30 min post-MCAo significantly reduced cortical, but not striatal infarct volume. As the refractiveness of the striatum is likely to be dependent on the route and time of drug administration, AM-36 (1 mg/kg i.v.) was administered 3 or 5 h after MCAo and significantly reduced both cortical and striatal infarct volumes. The present studies demonstrate Na+ channel blocking activity of AM-36 both in vitro and in vivo, together with significant neuroprotection when administration is delayed up to 5 h following experimental stroke.[1]


  1. Sodium channel blocking activity of AM-36 and sipatrigine (BW619C89): in vitro and in vivo evidence. Callaway, J.K., Castillo-Melendez, M., Giardina, S.F., Krstew, E.K., Beart, P.M., Jarrott, B. Neuropharmacology (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities