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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Involvement of G protein-coupled receptor kinase 4 and 6 in rapid desensitization of dopamine D1 receptor in rat IEC-6 intestinal epithelial cells.

Dopamine-induced inhibition of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase has been suggested to play a role in the regulation of Na(+) absorption at the intestinal level, and these effects were mediated by dopamine D(1)-like receptors. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of the activation of the D(1)-like receptors on the activity of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) in the rat intestinal epithelial cell line IEC-6. The presence of D(1) receptors was confirmed by immunoblotting. The dopamine D(1)-like receptor agonist SKF-38393 produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of NHE activity and stimulation of adenylyl cyclase (AC), this being antagonized by the D(1) selective antagonist SKF-83566. Effects of SKF-38393 on NHE and AC activities were maximal at 5 min of exposure to the agonist and rapidly diminished with no effect at 25 min. Exposure of cells for 25 min to dibutyryl-cAMP (0.5 mM) or to the AC activator forskolin (3 microM) effectively inhibited NHE activity. Pretreatment of cells with heparin (1 microM), a nonselective G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK) inhibitor, prevented the loss of effects on NHE activity after 25 min exposure to SKF-38393. The presence of GRK4, GRK6A, and GRK6B was confirmed by immunoblotting. Overnight treatment with the anti-GRK4-6 antibody complexed with Lipofectin was also effective in preventing loss of the effects of SKF-38393 on NHE and AC activities. It is concluded that dopamine D(1) receptors in IEC-6 rapidly desensitize to D(1)-like agonist stimulation and GRK4 and 6 appear to be involved in agonist-mediated responsiveness and desensitization.[1]

References

  1. Involvement of G protein-coupled receptor kinase 4 and 6 in rapid desensitization of dopamine D1 receptor in rat IEC-6 intestinal epithelial cells. Fraga, S., Jose, P.A., Soares-da-Silva, P. Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
 
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