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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evidence for the notch signaling pathway on the role of estrogen in angiogenesis.

We have investigated the molecular mechanisms involved in 17 beta-estradiol-induced angiogenic pathway. We show here that 17 beta-estradiol promoted a 6-fold increase in Jagged1 expression and an 8-fold increase in Notch1 expression by cDNA arrays in breast cancer MCF7 cells. Interestingly, Jagged1 was abrogated by incubation with the estrogen antagonist, ICI182,780. A similar up-regulation of both Notch1 receptor and Jagged1 ligand was found in endothelial cells. Additionally, imperfect estrogen-responsive elements were found in the 5' untranslated region of Notch1 and Jagged1 genes. Treatment with 17 beta-estradiol also led to an activation of Notch signaling in MCF7 cells expressing Notch1 reporter gene or by promoting Jagged1- induced Notch signaling in coculture assays. Inoculation of MCF7 cells in 17 beta-estradiol-treated nude mice resulted in up-regulation of Notch1 expression as well as increased number of tumor microvessels in comparison to placebo-treated mice. Notch1-expressing endothelial cell cultures formed cord-like structures on Matrigel in contrast to cells expressing a dominant-negative form of Notch1, emphasizing the relevance of Notch1 pathway in vessel assembly. Finally, Notch1- expressing MCF7 cells up-regulated hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha gene, a well-known angiogenic factor that clustered with Notch1 gene. This study implicates Notch signaling in the cross talk between 17 beta-estradiol and angiogenesis.[1]


  1. Evidence for the notch signaling pathway on the role of estrogen in angiogenesis. Soares, R., Balogh, G., Guo, S., Gärtner, F., Russo, J., Schmitt, F. Mol. Endocrinol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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