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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor is a keratinocyte-derived factor involved in regulating the proliferation and differentiation of neonatal mouse epidermal melanocytes in culture.

Mouse epidermal melanoblasts and melanocytes preferentially proliferated from disaggregated epidermal cell suspensions derived from newborn mouse skin in a serum-free melanocyte-proliferation medium (MDMD) and a melanoblast-proliferation medium (MDMDF) supplemented with dibutyryl adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (DBcAMP) and/or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Pure cultured primary melanoblasts and melanocytes were further cultured with MDMD/MDMDF supplemented with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GMCSF) from 14 days (keratinocyte depletion). GMCSF stimulated the number of melanoblasts/melanocytes as well as the percentage of differentiated melanocytes in keratinocyte-depleted cultures. Flow cytometry analysis showed that melanoblasts and melanocytes in the S and G(2)/M phases of the cell cycle were increased by the treatment with GMCSF. Moreover, anti-GMCSF antibody added to MDMD/MDMDF from the initiation of the primary culture (in the presence of keratinocytes) inhibited the proliferation of melanoblasts/melanocytes as well as the differentiation of melanocytes. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of culture media revealed that GMCSF was secreted from keratinocytes, but not from melanocytes. These results suggest that GMCSF is one of the keratinocyte-derived factors involved in regulating the proliferation and differentiation of neonatal mouse epidermal melanoblasts/melanocytes in culture in cooperation with cAMP elevator and bFGF.[1]


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