The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The role of advanced glycation in reduced organic cation transport associated with experimental diabetes.

Tubular dysfunction is an important early manifestation of diabetic nephropathy. Reduced renal expression of organic cation transporters (OCTs) potentially contributes to impaired cation clearance in diabetes. This study examines the role of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in mediating these changes. Experimental diabetes was induced with streptozotocin (55 mg/kg). Rats were randomly treated with the AGE inhibitor aminoguanidine for 32 weeks. In a second protocol, diabetic rats were followed with and without low-dose insulin therapy (2 U/day) for 4 weeks. Expression of OCTs was determined by real-time RT-PCR (reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction) and Western blotting. As a marker of cation transport, the fractional clearance of endogenous N-methylnicotinamide (NMN) was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. Both short- and long-term diabetes was associated with reduced gene and protein expression of the three renal OCT isotypes. This was associated with a reduction in the fractional clearance of NMN compared with control animals by over 50%. These changes correlated with the accumulation of renal and plasma AGEs. Treatment with the AGE inhibitor aminoguanidine restored the expression of OCT-2 and OCT-3 in diabetic animals and normalized renal NMN clearance. NMN clearance was also improved in diabetic animals receiving low-dose insulin, correlating with a reduction in AGEs and improvement in effective renal plasma flow. These studies demonstrate an early impairment of expression of OCTs and cation clearance associated with diabetes. These changes correlate with the accumulation of AGEs and may be partly attenuated by an AGE inhibitor, implicating a role for AGEs in organic cation transport.[1]


  1. The role of advanced glycation in reduced organic cation transport associated with experimental diabetes. Thomas, M.C., Tikellis, C., Kantharidis, P., Burns, W.C., Cooper, M.E., Forbes, J.M. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities