The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pteroyl-gamma-glutamate-cysteine synthesis and its application in folate receptor-mediated cancer cell targeting using folate-tethered liposomes.

Cell membrane-associated folate receptors are selectively overexpressed in certain human tumors. The high affinity of folic acid for folate receptors provides a unique opportunity to use folic acid as a targeting ligand to deliver chemotherapeutic agents to cancer cells. Folate-tethered liposomes bearing pteroyl-gamma-glutamate-cysteine-polyethylene glycol (PEG)-distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DSPE) as the targeting component are under investigation as mediators of drug and gene delivery to cancer cells that overexpress folate receptors. Pteroyl-gamma-glutamate-cysteine synthesis is one of the crucial starting steps in the preparation of pteroyl-gamma-glutamate-cysteine-PEG-DSPE. However, published methods for the synthesis of pteroyl-gamma-glutamate-cysteine provide low yields and are not easily reproducible. Therefore, we developed a modified synthetic method for the removal of the N(10)-trifluoroacetyl group after cleavage/deprotection that is reliable, is easily reproducible, and has high yield (38%) compared with an unreliable yield of 3-20% with the earlier methods. Folate-tethered liposomes containing calcein or doxorubicin were prepared using pteroyl-gamma-glutamate-cysteine-PEG-DSPE as the targeting component along with nontargeted liposomes with PEG-DSPE. The results of the uptake of calcein and cytotoxicity of doxorubicin in human cervical cancer HeLa-IU(1) cells and human colon cancer Caco-2 cells demonstrated that folate-tethered liposomes were efficient in selective delivery to cancer cells overexpressing folate receptors. The improvement in yield of the targeting component can significantly facilitate "scale up" of folate receptor-mediated liposomal cancer therapy to the preclinical and clinical levels of investigations.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities