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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TIS21/ BTG2/PC3 is expressed through PKC-delta pathway and inhibits binding of cyclin B1- Cdc2 and its activity, independent of p53 expression.

Signal transduction pathway and a new function of TIS21/ BTG2/PC3 were investigated in p53 null U937 cells; Expression of TIS21 by 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) stimulation was mediated by PKC-delta activation, however, was strongly inhibited by cPKC isozymes. When U937 cells were treated with TPA+Go6976, but not TPA+Go6850, the level of TIS21 mRNA was maintained over that of TPA alone. When analyzed by FACS, TPA-induced G2/M arrest was significantly inhibited by Go6850, but not by Go6976, suggesting the involvement of TIS21 and nPKC isozymes. Indeed, PKC-delta was found to be a regulator of the G2/M arrest and TIS21 expression, confirmed by employing rottlerin and dnPKC-delta experiments. In vivo accumulation of TIS21 protein significantly induced cell death through caspase 3 activation, which was supported further by degradations of procaspase 3, full-length PKC-delta, pRB, and p21(WAF1) in TIS21DeltaC expresser. When the cells were synchronized by nocodazole, TIS21 overexpressers inhibited degradations of cyclin A and cyclin B1 in 3 h after release from the synchronization. Furthermore, TIS21 inhibited cyclin B1- Cdc2 binding and its kinase activity in vivo. In summary, TPA-induced TIS21 mRNA expression is mediated by PKC-delta, and TIS21 induces G2/M arrest and cell death by inhibiting cyclin B1- Cdc2 binding and the kinase activity through its binding to Cdc2.[1]


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