The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A side by side comparison of cytology and biomarkers for bladder cancer detection.

PURPOSE: The identification of accurate bladder tumor markers/tests could improve diagnosis, recurrence monitoring and treatment in patients with bladder cancer. In this study we compared the efficacy of the hyaluronic acid (HA)-hyaluronidase (HAase), BTA-Stat (Bard/Bion Diagnostics, Redmond, Washington), Hemastix (Bayer Corp., Elkhart, Indiana) (hematuria detection) and UBC-Rapid (IDL Biotech, Borlänger, Sweden) tests, and cytology to detect bladder cancer. The HA-HAase test measures urinary HA and HAase levels, BTA-Stat detects complement factor-H and H related protein in urine, the Hemastix hemoglobin dipstick detects hematuria and UBC-Rapid detects cytokeratin 8 and 18 fragments in urine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 138 urine specimens from 115 patients were collected at University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf, including 59 with active bladder cancer and 79 with a history of bladder cancer (73) or with benign genitourinary conditions (6). Specimens were assayed by the HA-HAase test, BTA-Stat, Hemastix (hemoglobin dipstick) and UBC-Rapid. Cystoscopy and histological findings were used to make the clinical diagnosis. Cytology results were available on 92 patients. RESULTS: In a side by side comparison the HA-HAase test, cytology, BTA-Stat, Hemastix and UBC-Rapid had 88.1%, 70.6%, 52.5%, 50.8% and 35.6% sensitivity, and 81%, 81%, 76.7%, 78.2% and 75% specificity, respectively. The accuracy, and negative and positive predictive values of the HA-HAase test were the highest (84.1%, 90.1% and 77.6%), followed by cytology (77.2%, 82.5% and 68.6%), Hemastix (66.4%, 67.8% and 63.8%), BTA-Stat (66.2%, 67.8% and 63.3%) and UBC-Rapid (57.8%, 60% and 52.5%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS:: The HA-HAase test is superior to cytology, BTA-Stat, Hemastix and UBC-Rapid for detecting bladder cancer recurrence. A side-by-side comparison of tumor markers should help identify a marker for monitoring bladder cancer recurrence.[1]


  1. A side by side comparison of cytology and biomarkers for bladder cancer detection. Schroeder, G.L., Lorenzo-Gomez, M.F., Hautmann, S.H., Friedrich, M.G., Ekici, S., Huland, H., Lokeshwar, V. J. Urol. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities