The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sensory nitrergic meningeal vasodilatation and non-nitrergic plasma extravasation in anaesthesized rats.

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of nitric oxide (NO) of sensory neural origin in neurogenic inflammatory response in the trigeminovascular system. Antidromic vasodilatation and plasma extravasation in response to electrical stimulation (15 V, 5 Hz, 0.5 ms, 100 impulses) of the trigeminal ganglion were investigated in the dura mater and nasal mucosa/upper eyelid by laser Doppler flowmetry and [(125)I]-labelled bovine serum albumin, respectively. Electrical stimulation of the trigeminal ganglion of rats elicited a reproducible ipsilateral enhancement of both meningeal and nasal mucosal blood flow. N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA; 4, 8, and 16 mg/kg, i.v.), a nonselective inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), inhibited antidromic vasodilatation both in the dura mater (15.86+/-2.05%, 22.82+/-2.51%, and 36.28+/-4.37%) and nasal mucosa (35.46+/-8.57%, 58.72+/-9.2%, and 89.99+/-8.94%) in a dose-dependent manner. Specific inhibitors of neuronal NOS, 7-nitroindazole (7-NI; 20 mg/kg, i.v.) and 3-bromo-7-nitroindazole (3Br-7NI; 10 mg/kg, i.v.) were administered to assess the possible role of NO released from the trigeminal sensory fibres. The meningeal vasodilatation was inhibited by both 3Br-7NI and 7-NI (63.36+/-7.7% and 49+/-6.5%, respectively). The nasal hyperaemic response was also reduced by 3Br-7NI (78.26+/-8.7%). Plasma extravasation in the dura mater and upper eyelid evoked by electrical stimulation of the trigeminal ganglion (25 V, 5 Hz, 0,5 ms, 5 min), expressed as extravasation ratios (ERs) of the stimulated vs. nonstimulated sides, was 1.80+/-0.8 and 4.63+/-1.24, respectively. This neurogenic oedema formation was not inhibited by neither L-NNA nor 3Br-7NI. It is concluded that neural nitrergic mechanisms are involved in the meningeal vasodilatation evoked by electrical stimulation of the trigeminal ganglion.[1]


  1. Sensory nitrergic meningeal vasodilatation and non-nitrergic plasma extravasation in anaesthesized rats. Peitl, B., Németh, J., Szolcsányi, J., Szilvássy, Z., Pórszász, R. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities