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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Experimental herpes simplex virus encephalitis: a long-term study of interleukin-6 expression in mouse brain tissue.

This study aimed to investigate the expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in acute and chronic herpes simplex virus encephalitis. In the brain of 15 SJL mice infected with herpes simplex virus type 1, strain F, and 14 control animals we performed a sequential quantitative analysis of expression of IL-6 mRNA with reverse transcription real-time polymerase chain reaction. The viral burden peaked in the acute disease, and then returned to a low baseline value. At day 7 following infection, IL-6 expression was significantly (2.05-fold) increased as compared with the baseline expression in uninfected animals. Twenty-one days after infection the mRNA expression still was significantly (1.78-fold) upregulated. No significant differences of IL-6 mRNA expression between infected and control mice were found after 2 and 6 months. We observed a 2.5-fold increase of IL-6 mRNA expression in control mice with increasing age of animals. We have additionally studied the clinical evolution of HSVE in IL-6 deficient mice. In experimental herpes simplex virus encephalitis IL-6, as a potent mediator of neuronal injury, is upregulated in the acute but not in the chronic disease. IL-6 deficient mice presented early and severe clinical signs of HSVE as compared to the wild-type C57/bl6 mice.[1]


  1. Experimental herpes simplex virus encephalitis: a long-term study of interleukin-6 expression in mouse brain tissue. Dvorak, F., Martinez-Torres, F., Sellner, J., Haas, J., Schellinger, P.D., Schwaninger, M., Meyding-Lamadé, U.K. Neurosci. Lett. (2004) [Pubmed]
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