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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) antagonist (Met-RANTES) controls the early phase of Trypanosoma cruzi-elicited myocarditis.

BACKGROUND: Comprehension of the pathogenesis of Trypanosoma cruzi-elicited myocarditis is crucial to delineate strategies aimed at ameliorating the inflammation associated with heart dysfunction. The augmented expression of CC chemokines, especially CCL5/RANTES and CCL3/MIP-1alpha, in the hearts of infected mice suggests a role for CC chemokines and their receptors in the pathogenesis of T cruzi-elicited myocarditis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report that during the early phase of infection in C3H/HeJ mice infected with 100 blood trypomastigotes of T cruzi, most of the inflammatory cells invading the heart tissue were CD8+ cells and expressed CCR5, a CCL5/RANTES, and CCL3/ MIP1-alpha receptor. Furthermore, peripheral blood CD8+ T lymphocytes displayed increased expression of CCR5. These findings led us to use Met-RANTES, a selective CCR1 and CCR5 antagonist, to modulate the acute T cruzi-elicited myocarditis. Met-RANTES treatment did not interfere with parasitism but significantly decreased the numbers of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, CCR5+, and interleukin-4+ cells invading the heart, paralleling the diminished deposition of fibronectin. Moreover, Met-RANTES treatment resulted in increased survival of infected animals, compared with saline treatment. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that the massive influx of CCR5+ cells into cardiac tissue is not crucial for cell-mediated anti-T cruzi immunity but appears to be critical for pathogenesis of T cruzi-elicited myocarditis. Thus, CC chemokine receptors might become an attractive therapeutic target for further evaluation during T cruzi infection.[1]


  1. Regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) antagonist (Met-RANTES) controls the early phase of Trypanosoma cruzi-elicited myocarditis. Marino, A.P., da Silva, A., dos Santos, P., Pinto, L.M., Gazzinelli, R.T., Teixeira, M.M., Lannes-Vieira, J. Circulation (2004) [Pubmed]
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