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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mutations in the NSD1 gene in patients with Sotos syndrome associate with endocrine and paracrine alterations in the IGF system.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of nuclear receptor Su-var, 3-9, enhancer of zeste, trithorax (SET) domain-containing protein 1 (NSD1) gene alteration in patients with Sotos syndrome on plasma IGFs and IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs), as well as on the IGF/IGFBP system activity at the tissue level. DESIGN: Twenty-nine patients suspected of Sotos syndrome were divided into two groups: patients with heterozygous deletions or mutations in the NSD1 gene (NSD1(+/-)) (n=11) and subjects without (NSD1(+/+)) (n=18). Plasma samples (n=29) and skin fibroblasts (n=23) were obtained. The results of both groups were compared and related to reference values. METHODS: IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, IGFBP-4 and IGFBP-6 levels were determined by RIAs. The mitogenic response of fibroblasts to IGFs was investigated by [methyl-(3)H]thymidine incorporation. IGFBP-3 levels in the culture media were measured by RIA. IGFBP-3 mRNA expression was determined by real time RT-PCR. RESULTS: NSD1(+/-) patients showed significantly altered levels of IGF-I (mean-1.2 SDS), IGF-II (-1.2), IGFBP-3 (-1.7), IGFBP-4 (-0.4), IGFBP-2 (+0.8) and IGFBP-6 (+1.5). The NSD1(+/+) patients did not differ from the reference, with the exception of the mean IGFBP-3 level (-1.3). Basal proliferation and mitogenic response to IGFs was diminished in NSD1(+/-) fibroblasts compared with NSD1(+/+) (basal, P=0.02; IGF-I, P<0.001; IGF-II, P=0.02). Compared with control fibroblasts, only the mitogenic response was diminished (basal, P=0.07; IGF-I, P=0.04; IGF-II, P=0.04). A trend of higher IGFBP-3 secretion after IGF-I stimulation (P=0.09) and 3.5-5 times higher mRNA expression of IGFBP-3 in basal conditions was found in NSD1(+/-) fibroblasts in comparison to controls. CONCLUSIONS: NSD1(+/-) patients show endocrine and paracrine changes in the IGF system. These changes may contribute to the abnormal growth pattern.[1]


  1. Mutations in the NSD1 gene in patients with Sotos syndrome associate with endocrine and paracrine alterations in the IGF system. De Boer, L., Van Duyvenvoorde, H.A., Willemstein-Van Hove, E.C., Hoogerbrugge, C.M., Van Doorn, J., Maassen, J.A., Karperien, M., Wit, J.M. Eur. J. Endocrinol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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