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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Matrix metalloproteinase-9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 in hypertension and their relationship to cardiovascular risk and treatment: a substudy of the Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial (ASCOT).

BACKGROUND: Hypertension results in structural changes to the cardiac and vascular extracellular matrix ( ECM). Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and their inhibitors (TIMP) may play a central role in the modulation of this matrix. We hypothesized that both MMP-9 and TIMP-1 would be abnormal in hypertension, reflecting alterations in ECM turnover, and that their circulating levels should be linked to cardiovascular ( CHD) and stroke (CVA) risk scores using the Framingham equation. Second, we hypothesized that treatment would result in changes in ECM indices. METHODS: Plasma MMP-9 and TIMP-1 were measured before and after treatment (median 3 years) from 96 patients with uncontrolled hypertension participating in the Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial (ASCOT). Pretreatment values were compared to circulating MMP-9 and TIMP-1 levels in 45 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. RESULTS: Circulating pretreatment MMP-9 and TIMP-1 levels were significantly higher in patients with hypertension than in the normotensive controls (P =.0041 and P =.0166, respectively). Plasma MMP-9 levels decreased, and TIMP-1 levels increased after treatment (P =.035 and P =.005, respectively). Levels of MMP-9 correlated with CHD risk (r = 0.317, P =.007) and HDL cholesterol (r = -0.237, P =.022), but not CVA risk. There were no significant correlations between TIMP-1 and CVA or CHD scores. CONCLUSIONS: Increased circulating MMP-9 and TIMP-1 at baseline in patients with hypertension could reflect an increased deposition and retention of type I collagen at the expense of other components of ECM within the cardiac and vascular ECM. After cardiovascular risk management, MMP-9 levels decreased and TIMP-1 levels increased. Elevated levels of MMP-9 also appeared to be associated with higher Framingham cardiovascular risk scores. Our observations suggest a possible role for these surrogate markers of tissue ECM composition and the prognosis of cardiovascular events in hypertension.[1]


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