The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

A minority of muscarinic receptors mediate rabbit tracheal smooth muscle contraction.

To enhance our understanding of cholinergic mechanisms and muscarinic receptors in bronchoconstriction, we have characterized the muscarinic receptor subtypes in rabbit tracheal smooth muscle using radioligand binding and functional assays. The Kd for [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate ([3H](-)QNB) binding determined from saturation isotherms was 12.6 x/divided by 1.1 pM (geometric mean x/divided by SEM), and the Bmax was 269 +/- 7 fmol/mg protein (arithmetic mean +/- SEM). Competitive inhibition studies with the muscarinic antagonists pirenzepine (PZ), 11[[2-[(diethylamino)-methyl]1-piperidinyl]acetyl]-5,11-dihydro-6H- pyrido[2,3-b][1,4]benzodiazepine-6-one (AF-DX116), 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine methobromide (4-DAMP), and hexahydrosiladifenidol (HHSiD) demonstrated heterogeneity of muscarinic receptor subtypes in rabbit tracheal smooth muscle. PZ bound with low affinity to a single receptor site, indicative of an absence of M1 receptors. AF-DX116 (M2 selective) bound with high affinity to approximately 83% of muscarinic binding sites, and 4-DAMP and HHSiD (M3 antagonists) bound with high affinity to approximately 24 and 28% of muscarinic binding sites, respectively. Additionally, direct binding studies with [3H]4-DAMP demonstrated high-affinity binding with 23% of muscarinic binding sites. Thus, the majority of muscarinic receptors in rabbit tracheal smooth muscle bound with high affinity to an M2-selective antagonist, and the remaining receptor sites bound with high affinity to M3 antagonists. The inhibitory effects of atropine, PZ, AF-DX116, and 4-DAMP on methacholine-induced contraction of rabbit tracheal rings were compared. 4-DAMP was a potent inhibitor of methacholine-induced contraction, but PZ and AF-DX116 demonstrated low potency.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]

References

  1. A minority of muscarinic receptors mediate rabbit tracheal smooth muscle contraction. Mahesh, V.K., Nunan, L.M., Halonen, M., Yamamura, H.I., Palmer, J.D., Bloom, J.W. Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. (1992) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities