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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Maspin expression is transactivated by p63 and is critical for the modulation of lung cancer progression.

Maspin inhibits metastasis of some cancer cells, and clinical studies have identified correlations between maspin loss and poor prognosis in several cancer types. Maspin was found to be significantly overexpressed in lung cancer samples as compared with matched normal lung tissues. However, the regulatory mechanism of maspin expression remains unclear. We show here that differential expression of maspin in carcinoma-derived lung cancer cells is regulated at the transcriptional level. We found that p63 is a critical factor for the transcription of maspin, which is lost in highly invasive cancer cells such as NCI-H157, NCI-322, and NCI-358. No correlation was found between maspin expression and the previously associated transcription factors, p53, Ets1, and Pdef. Instead, maspin expression was strictly dependent on the presence of p63 in lung cancer tissues (P < 0.001) and in the tested cell lines. Transient expression of p63 transactivated the maspin promoter with remarkable fold changes in cells expressing the TAp63, suggesting that TAp63 might be a novel stimulator of the maspin promoter in lung cancer. We have also demonstrated the binding of p63 protein to a previously identified p53- binding site on the maspin promoter by gel shift and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays. In tumor tissues, maspin expression was associated with lymph node involvement (P = 0.035) and tumor stage (P = 0.063) in all tested cases, except squamous carcinoma. In terms of function, ectopic expression of maspin inhibited cell invasion in squamous carcinoma as well as adenocarcinoma. Taken together, these results define maspin as a new molecular target of p63 that eventually inhibits the invasion of lung cancer.[1]


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