The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Time-dependent inhibition and tetrahydrobiopterin depletion of endothelial nitric-oxide synthase caused by cigarettes.

Smoking causes a dysfunction in endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS), which is ameliorated, in part, by administration of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)). The exact mechanism by which the nitric oxide deficit occurs is unknown. We have previously shown that aqueous extracts of chemicals in cigarettes (CE) cause the suicide inactivation of neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) by interacting at the substrate-binding site. In the current study, we have found that CE directly inactivates eNOS by a process that is not affected by the natural substrate l-arginine and is distinct from the mechanism of inactivation of nNOS. We discovered that CE causes a time-, concentration-, and NADPH-dependent inactivation of eNOS in an in vitro system containing the purified enzyme, indicating a metabolic component to the inactivation. The CE-treated eNOS but not nNOS was nearly fully reactivated upon incubation with excess BH(4), suggesting that BH(4) depletion is a potential mechanism of inactivation. Moreover, in the presence of CE, eNOS catalyzed the oxidation of BH(4) to dihydrobiopterin and biopterin by a process attenuated by high concentrations of superoxide dismutase but not catalase. We speculate that a redox active component in CE, perhaps a quinone compound, causes oxidative uncoupling of eNOS to form superoxide, which in turn oxidizes BH(4). The discovery of a direct inactivation of eNOS by a compound(s) present in tobacco provides a basis not only for further study of the mechanisms responsible for the biological effects of tobacco but also a search for a potentially novel inactivator of eNOS.[1]


  1. Time-dependent inhibition and tetrahydrobiopterin depletion of endothelial nitric-oxide synthase caused by cigarettes. Lowe, E.R., Everett, A.C., Lee, A.J., Lau, M., Dunbar, A.Y., Berka, V., Tsai, A.L., Osawa, Y. Drug Metab. Dispos. (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities