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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Complementary exploration of the action pattern of hyaluronate lyase from Streptococcus agalactiae using capillary electrophoresis, gel-permeation chromatography and viscosimetric measurements.

Hyaluronic acid (HA) was treated with hyaluronate lyase (GBS HA lyase, E.C., from Streptococcus agalactiae strain 4755), and the products have been analyzed by capillary electrophoresis (CE-UV and online CE-ESIMS), gel-permeation chromatography (GPC) and viscosimetric measurements. The resulting electropherograms showed that the enzyme produced a mixture of oligosaccharides with a 4,5-unsaturated uronic acid nonreducing terminus. More exhaustive degradation of HA led to increasing amounts of di-, tetra-, hexa-, octa- and decasaccharides. Using CE, linear relationships were found between peak area of the observed oligosaccharides and reaction time. Determination of viscosity at different stages of reaction yielded an initial rapid decrease following Michaelis-Menten theory. A reaction time-dependent change in the elution position of the HA peak due to partial digestion of HA with GBS hyaluronate lyase has been observed by GPC. These results indicated that the HA lyase under investigation is an eliminase that acts in a nonprocessive endolytic manner, as at all stages of digestion a mixture of oligosaccharides of different size were found. For GBS HA lyase from Streptococcus agalactiae strain 3502, previously published findings reported an action pattern that involves an initial random endolytic cleavage followed by rapid exolytic and processive release of unsaturated disaccharides. Our results suggest that differences between the two enzymes from distinct S. agalactiae strains (GBS strains 4755 and 3502) have to be considered.[1]


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