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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Left ventricular assist device support reverses altered cardiac expression and function of natriuretic peptides and receptors in end-stage heart failure.

OBJECTIVE: Atrial (ANP) and B-type natriuretics peptides (BNP) via their guanylyl cyclase-A (GC-A) receptor not only regulate arterial blood pressure and volume but also exert local antihypertrophic, antifibrotic and lusitropic effects in the heart. To elucidate whether cardiac hypertrophy/insufficiency and reversal is associated with changes in the local responsiveness to NPs, we compared the mRNA expression of ANP, BNP and receptors and the responsiveness of GC-A to ANP in left ventricular tissue obtained from 10 patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) before and after hemodynamic unloading by left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support. METHODS AND RESULTS: Quantitative "real time" RT-PCR demonstrated that the mRNA expression levels of ANP, BNP and the NP-metabolizing NPR-C receptor were both markedly increased in human failing hearts. GC-A mRNA expression levels were not different from nonfailing hearts, but cGMP production by GC-A in response to ANP was nearly abolished. Reversal of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy during LVAD support was accompanied by normalization of ANP, BNP and NPR-C mRNA levels and a significant recovery of GC-A responsiveness to ANP. CONCLUSION: In CHF patients, increased local clearance by NPR-C receptors and diminished responsiveness of cardiac GC-A might impair the local antihypertrophic effects of natriuretic peptides and contribute to the progression of cardiac hypertrophy and insufficiency. Reverse remodeling during LVAD support reverses these changes and can thereby recuperate the local protective effects of ANP and BNP.[1]

References

  1. Left ventricular assist device support reverses altered cardiac expression and function of natriuretic peptides and receptors in end-stage heart failure. Kuhn, M., Voss, M., Mitko, D., Stypmann, J., Schmid, C., Kawaguchi, N., Grabellus, F., Baba, H.A. Cardiovasc. Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
 
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