The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Substrate specificity and kinetic mechanism of mammalian G9a histone H3 methyltransferase.

Lysine-specific murine histone H3 methyltransferase, G9a, was expressed and purified in a baculovirus expression system. The primary structure of the recombinant enzyme is identical to the native enzyme. Enzymatic activity was favorable at alkaline conditions (>pH 8) and low salt concentration and virtually unchanged between 25 and 42 degrees C. Purified G9a was used for substrate specificity and steady-state kinetic analysis with peptides representing un- or dimethylated lysine 9 histone H3 tails with native lysine 4 or with lysine 4 changed to alanine (K4AK9). In vitro methylation of the H3 tail peptide resulted in trimethylation of Lys-9 and the reaction is processive. The turnover number (k(cat)) for methylation was 88 and 32 h(-1) on the wild type and K4AK9 histone H3 tail, respectively. The Michaelis constants for wild type and K4AK9 ((K(m)(pep))) were 0.9 and 1.0 microM and for S-adenosyl-L-methionine (K(m)(AdoMet)) were 1.8 and 0.6 microM, respectively. Comparable kinetic constants were obtained for recombinant histone H3. The conversion of K4AK9 di- to trimethyl-lysine was 7-fold slower than methyl group addition to unmethylated peptide. Preincubation studies showed that G9a-AdoMet and G9a-peptide complexes are catalytically active. Initial velocity data with peptide and S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) and product inhibition studies with S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine were performed to assess the kinetic mechanism of the reaction. Double reciprocal plots and preincubation studies revealed S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine as a competitive inhibitor to AdoMet and mixed inhibitor to peptide. Trimethylated peptides acted as a competitive inhibitor to substrate peptide and mixed inhibitor to AdoMet suggesting a random mechanism in a Bi Bi reaction for recombinant G9a where either substrate can bind first to the enzyme, and either product can release first.[1]


  1. Substrate specificity and kinetic mechanism of mammalian G9a histone H3 methyltransferase. Patnaik, D., Chin, H.G., Estève, P.O., Benner, J., Jacobsen, S.E., Pradhan, S. J. Biol. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities