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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Requirement for proprotein convertase 5/6 during decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells in vitro.

Decidualization of endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) is critical for embryo implantation and maintenance of pregnancy. Proprotein convertase (PC) 5/6 is suggested to play an important role in the processes of stromal cell decidualization and embryo implantation in the mouse. PC5/6 is a member of the PC family responsible for processing precursor proteins to their active forms by selective proteolysis. In this study, we investigated the regulation of PC5/6 mRNA and protein expression in human ESCs during decidualization in vitro. Real-time PCR analyses revealed a significant increase in PC5/6 mRNA levels in ESCs treated with 17 beta-estradiol (E(2)) plus medroxy-progesterone acetate during decidualization. On the other hand, E(2) alone did not increase PC5/6 mRNA expression. Intense PC5/6 immunoreactivity was observed in the cytoplasm of E(2) plus medroxy-progesterone acetate-treated ESCs (decidualized ESCs) compared with E(2)-treated ESCs on d 12 of culture (nondecidualized ESCs). This PC5/6 immunoreactivity was abolished by cotreatment with ZK 98299, a progesterone receptor antagonist. Western blotting revealed PC5/6 as approximately 120-kDa bands (pro- and mature forms) and a 65-kDa band (C-terminally truncated form) in decidualized ESCs. Using an antisense morpholino approach, prolactin production, a typical marker for decidualization, was significantly attenuated in decidualized ESCs after treatment with PC5/6 morpholino antisense oligonucleotides in comparison with controls. These results suggest that PC5/6 plays a key role for decidualization in human endometrium.[1]


  1. Requirement for proprotein convertase 5/6 during decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells in vitro. Okada, H., Nie, G., Salamonsen, L.A. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (2005) [Pubmed]
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