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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Large germline deletions of mitochondrial complex II subunits SDHB and SDHD in hereditary paraganglioma.

More than 30% of adrenal pheochromocytomas are hereditary. These neuroendocrine tumors are major components of three inherited cancer syndromes: multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2, von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL), and pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma syndrome (PC/PGL). Germline mutations in RET; VHL; and SDHB, SDHC, and SDHD are associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2, VHL, and PC/PGL, respectively. The majority (>70%) of hereditary extraadrenal PCs [catecholamine-secreting paragangliomas (PGL)] are accounted for by germline intragenic mutations in SDHB, SDHC, or SDHD. Therefore, a subset of hereditary PGL is not accounted for. Here we report two unrelated hereditary PGL families, one with a germline whole-gene deletion of SDHD (family 4194), the other a partial deletion of SDHB (family BRZ01). Although they were initially designated mutation negative for all of the PC-associated genes after PCR-based analysis, we suspected that a large deletion or rearrangement might be present. Genotyping around the PC-associated genes demonstrated that both families were consistent with linkage with one of these genes. Using fine structure genotyping and semiquantitative duplex PCR analysis, we identified an approximately 96-kb deletion spanning SDHD in family 4194 and an approximately 1-kb deletion involving the 5' end of SDHB in family BRZ01. Thus, including SDHB and SDHD deletion analysis could increase gene-testing sensitivity for PGL patients, which would aid in genetic counseling and management of patients and families.[1]


  1. Large germline deletions of mitochondrial complex II subunits SDHB and SDHD in hereditary paraganglioma. McWhinney, S.R., Pilarski, R.T., Forrester, S.R., Schneider, M.C., Sarquis, M.M., Dias, E.P., Eng, C. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (2004) [Pubmed]
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